The east African nation of Tanzania has Africa’s highest mountain – the legendary Kilamanjaro, its deepest lake, Lake Tanganyika, and some of its poorest citizens. What Tanzania lacks in economic prosperity it makes up for in environmental biodiversity. Jane Goodall established her famous chimpanzee research station here, in Tanzania’s Gombe National Park. Here missionary explorer David Livingstone spent ten grueling years seeking the source of the Nile, only to die of malaria and dysentery in Zambia. In the eastern Serengeti plains of northern Tanzania, Louis and Mary Leakey searched the Oduvai Gorge and discovered the remains of Homo habilis, one of modern man’s predecessors, who lived 2.5 million years ago.
The Olduvai Gorge is located in the Ngorongoro Conservation area, a biologically unique area which features the 20 mile wide Ngorongoro Crater. Exotic animals such as zebra, wildebeest and the endangered black rhino thrive here in the crater’s dense forest. Within the Conservation area, Masai tribes-people herd cattle and goats. Only they, and other indigenous people, are allowed to live inside the conservation area, existing in harmony with Tanzania’s natural environment, as they have for hundreds of years.