Located north of the United States, the nation of Canada covers 9,984,670 square kilometers of land, extending from the Atlantic Ocean in the East, to the Pacific in the West. Despite being the second largest nation in the world in terms of land mass, it ranks around the 33rd in population, with just over 30 million residents. Most of Canada’s population is clustered along its southern border and grows ever sparser the further one moves to the colder northern areas. Canada’s geography encompasses a vast range of habitats, from glaciers to deserts, rainforests to mountains.
Canada’s official languages are English and French, with most French speaking citizens located in the province of Quebec. Prior to settlement by European immigrants, Canada was populated by the aboriginal Iroquoian, Siouan, Beothuk, and Algonquian peoples. Canada continues to be a haven for immigrants, with the majority today arriving from Asian countries. Canada is a huge nation and as such has a huge range of things to see and do. From skiing in British Columbia, to fishing in Ontario, to shopping in Montreal, to watching the waves on the beaches of Nova Scotia, travelers can explore and enjoy Canada’s multicultural smorgasbord of attractions.